Geology, Liberal Arts (AS)

Degree: Associate of Science
Major: Liberal Arts
Emphasis: Geology
Program Code: 2431

About This Major . . .

The Associate of Science (AS) degree is designed for students who intend to continue their education and obtain a baccalaureate degree. The AS is the appropriate choice for students who will take upper division coursework in mathematics, biological sciences, and physical sciences. The degree program includes the Colorado Statewide Essential Learning Core and meets the lower division Essential Learning requirements at most public institutions in Colorado. A number of emphases are available within the AS degree. Students choosing one of these emphases will take courses in a discipline in addition to the Essential Learning core. 

An Associate of Science (AS) degree with a geology emphasis is offered through the Physical and Environmental Sciences Department. This degree prepares students for employment as geological technicians in government and industry, or for entrance into the geology baccalaureate program at Colorado Mesa University or other four-year institutions. The curriculum includes basic courses in geology as well as Essential Learning courses. All of the geology courses place emphasis on the spectacular geologic features in western Colorado and eastern Utah. 

For more information on what you can do with this major, visit Career Services’ What to Do with a Major? resource.

All CMU/WCCC associate graduates are expected to demonstrate proficiency in specialized knowledge/applied learning, quantitative fluency, communication fluency, critical thinking, personal and social responsibility, and information literacy. In addition to these campus‐wide student learning outcomes, graduates of this major will be able to:

  1. Articulate the fundamental knowledge base and ideas of the major fields of geoscience. (Specialized Knowledge)
  2. Collect and interpret geoscience field data. (Applied Learning)

Each section below contains details about the requirements for this program. Select a header to expand the information/requirements for that particular section of the program's requirements. 

To print or save an overview of this program's information, including the program description, learning outcomes, requirements, suggested course sequencing (if applicable), and advising and graduation information, scroll to the bottom of the left-hand navigation menu and select "Print Options." This will give you the options to either "Send Page to Printer" or "Download PDF of This Page." The "Download PDF of This Page" option prepares a much more concise presentation of all program information. The PDF is also printable and may be preferable due to its brevity. 

Institutional Degree Requirements

The following institutional degree requirements apply to all CMU or WCCC Associate of Science (AS) degrees. Specific programs may have different requirements that must be met in addition to institutional requirements.

  • 60 semester hours total.
  • Students must complete a minimum of 15 of the final 30 semester hours of credit at CMU/WCCC.
  • 2.00 cumulative GPA or higher in all CMU/WCCC coursework.
  • A grade of “C” or higher must be earned in all Essential Learning courses in order to be accepted for transfer under the Colorado Core Transfer Consortium General Education curriculum or gtPathways, Colorado’s guaranteed transfer program.
  • A course may only be used to fulfill one requirement for each degree/certificate.
  • No more than six semester hours of independent study courses can be used toward the degree.
  • Non-traditional credit, such as advanced placement, credit by examination, credit for prior learning, cooperative education and internships, cannot exceed 15 semester credit hours for an associate of science degree. A maximum of 6 of the 15 credits may be for cooperative education, internships, and practica.
  • Pre-collegiate courses (usually numbered below 100) cannot be used for graduation.
  • Capstone exit assessment/projects (e.g., Major Field Achievement Test) requirements are identified under Program-Specific Degree Requirements.
  • The Catalog Year determines which program sheet and degree requirements a student must fulfill in order to graduate. Visit with your advisor or academic department to determine which catalog year and program requirements you should follow.
  • See “Requirements for Undergraduate Degrees and Certificates” in the catalog for a complete list of graduation requirements.

Essential Learning Requirements

(31 semester hours)

See the current catalog for a list of courses that fulfill the requirements below.  If a course is an Essential Learning option and a requirement for your major, you must use it to fulfill the major requirement and make a different selection for the Essential Learning requirement.

English 1
ENGL 111English Composition I-GTCO13
ENGL 112English Composition II-GTCO23
Mathematics 1
MATH 113College Algebra-GTMA1 23
Select one History course3
Select one Humanities course3
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Select one Social and Behavioral Sciences course3
Select one Social and Behavioral Sciences course3
Fine Arts
Select one Fine Arts course3
Natural Sciences 3
Select one Natural Sciences course3
Select one Natural Sciences course with a lab4
Total Semester Credit Hours31

Must receive a grade of "C" or better and must be complete by the time the student has 60 semester hours.


This is a 4 credit hour course. 3 credits apply to the Essential Learning requirements and 1 credit applies to Required Geology Specialization courses.


7 semester hours, one course must include a lab.

Other Lower Division Requirements

Wellness Requirement
KINE 100Health and Wellness1
Select one Activity course1
Total Semester Credit Hours2

Program Specific Degree Requirements

(27 semester hours, must earn a “C” or better in each course.)

Core Courses
Complete one of the following course pairs : 14
Principles of Physical Geology-GTSC1
and Principles of Physical Geology Laboratory-GTSC1
Field-Based Introduction to Physical Geology-GTSC1
and Field-Based Introduction to Physical Geology Laboratory-GTSC1
GEOL 112Principles of Historical Geology-GTSC13
GEOL 112LPrinciples of Historical Geology Laboratory-GTSC11
GEOL 250Environmental Geology3
Required Geology Specialization Courses 2
MATH 113College Algebra-GTMA1 31
GEOG 131Introduction to Cartography3
Select 12 additional semester hours12
Total Semester Credit Hours27

Either GEOL 111/GEOL 111L or GEOL 113/GEOL 113L may be taken for credit, but not both.


To be selected in consultation with student’s advisor.


This is a 4 credit hour course. 3 credits apply to the Essential Learning requirements and 1 credit applies to Required Geology Specialization courses.

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
Fall SemesterSemester Credit Hours
Select one of the following: 4
Principles of Physical Geology-GTSC1
and Principles of Physical Geology Laboratory-GTSC1
Field-Based Introduction to Physical Geology-GTSC1
and Field-Based Introduction to Physical Geology Laboratory-GTSC1
ENGL 111 English Composition I-GTCO1 3
MATH 113 College Algebra-GTMA1 (or higher) 4
Essential Learning - Fine Arts 3
KINE 100 Health and Wellness 1
 Semester Credit Hours15
Spring Semester
GEOL 112 Principles of Historical Geology-GTSC1 3
GEOL 112L Principles of Historical Geology Laboratory-GTSC1 1
ENGL 112 English Composition II-GTCO2 3
Essential Learning - Natural Science with lab 4
Essential Learning - Social and Behavioral Sciences 3
Wellness Requirement - KINA Activities Course 1
 Semester Credit Hours15
Second Year
Fall Semester
GEOL 250 Environmental Geology 3
Geology Specialization Selection 3
Essential Learning - Humanities 3
Essential Learning - Natural Science without lab 3
GEOG 131 Introduction to Cartography 3
 Semester Credit Hours15
Spring Semester
Geology Specialization Selection 1 5
Geology Specialization Selection 4
Essential Learning - History 3
Essential Learning - Social and Behavioral Sciences 3
 Semester Credit Hours15
 Total Semester Credit Hours60

Students that intend to continue with Colorado Mesa University should take ESSL 290 and ESSL 200 during the final semester of their Associate of Science work.

Advising Process and DegreeWorks

Documentation on the pages related to this program is intended for informational purposes to help determine what courses and associated requirements are needed to earn a degree. The suggested course sequencing outlines how students could finish degree requirements. Some courses are critical to complete in specific semesters, while others may be moved around. Meeting with an academic advisor is essential in planning courses and altering the suggested course sequencing. It is ultimately the student’s responsibility to understand and fulfill the requirements for her/his intended degree(s).

DegreeWorks is an online degree audit tool available in MAVzone. It is the official record used by the Registrar’s Office to evaluate progress towards a degree and determine eligibility for graduation. Students are responsible for reviewing their DegreeWorks audit on a regular basis and should discuss questions or concerns with their advisor or academic department head. Discrepancies in requirements should be reported to the Registrar’s Office.

Graduation Process

Students must complete the following in the first two months of the semester prior to completing their degree requirements:

  • Review their DegreeWorks audit and create a plan that outlines how unmet requirements will be met in the final semester.
  • Meet with their advisor and modify their plan as needed. The advisor must approve the final plan.
  • Submit the “Intent to Graduate” form to the Registrar’s Office to officially declare the intended graduation date and commencement ceremony plans.
  • Register for all needed courses and complete all requirements for each degree sought.

Submission deadlines and commencement details can be found at

If a student’s petition for graduation is denied, it will be her/his responsibility to consult the Registrar’s Office regarding next steps.