Biology (BIOL)

BIOL 101 General Human Biology-GTSC13 Credits

Scientific method, ecology, pollution, drugs, reproduction, cancer, heart disease, nutrition, and selected body structure and function relationships. Labs will include required field trips. Can be taken for graduation or essential learning credit by biology majors who have completed no more than 10 hours in BIOL.

Corequisites: BIOL 101L.

Essential Learning Categories: Natural Science with lab - Both the lab and lecture must be completed
Colorado Guaranteed Transfer (GT) Pathways General Education Curriculum

BIOL 101L General Human Biology Laboratory-GTSC11 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 101.

Corequisites: BIOL 101.

Essential Learning Categories: Natural Science with lab - Both the lab and lecture must be completed
Colorado Guaranteed Transfer (GT) Pathways General Education Curriculum

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 105 Attributes of Living Systems-GTSC13 Credits

Cell structure and function, cell energetics, biochemistry and genetics. High school chemistry recommended.

Corequisites: BIOL 105L.

Essential Learning Categories: Natural Science with lab - Both the lab and lecture must be completed
Colorado Guaranteed Transfer (GT) Pathways General Education Curriculum

BIOL 105L Attributes of Living Systems Laboratory-GTSC11 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 105.

Corequisites: BIOL 105.

Essential Learning Categories: Natural Science with lab - Both the lab and lecture must be completed
Colorado Guaranteed Transfer (GT) Pathways General Education Curriculum

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 106 Principles of Animal Biology3 Credits

Broad morphological, physiological, and ecological features of principal phyla of animals and relationships between them.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105 or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 106L.

BIOL 106L Principles of Animal Biology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 106.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105 or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 106.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 107 Principles of Plant Biology3 Credits

Reproductive biology, anatomy, physiology, phylogeny and ecology of the major groups of plants.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105 or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 107L.

BIOL 107L Principles of Plant Biology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 107.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105 or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 107.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 108 Diversity of Organisms-GTSC13 Credits

Broadly integrated survey of biological diversity with an emphasis on evolutionary relationships, ecology, and functional anatomical features of major groups.

Corequisites: BIOL 108L.

Essential Learning Categories: Natural Science with lab - Both the lab and lecture must be completed
Colorado Guaranteed Transfer (GT) Pathways General Education Curriculum

BIOL 108L Diversity of Organisms Laboratory-GTSC11 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 108.

Corequisites: BIOL 108.

Essential Learning Categories: Natural Science with lab - Both the lab and lecture must be completed
Colorado Guaranteed Transfer (GT) Pathways General Education Curriculum

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 196 Topics1-3 Credits

Course may be taken multiple times up to maximum of 15 credit hours.

BIOL 208 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution3 Credits

Introduction to current theory and experimental work on biology of populations, species interactions, community structure, organismal and molecular evolution, genetic structure of populations, and natural selection. Lab field trips and laboratory-based learning experiences in ecology and evolution.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L, and BIOL 106/BIOL 106L or BIOL 107/BIOL 107L or BIOL 108/BIOL 108L (may be taken concurrently).

Corequisites: BIOL 208L.

BIOL 208L Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 208.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L, and BIOL 106/BIOL 106L or BIOL 107/BIOL 107L or BIOL 108/BIOL 108L (may be taken concurrently).

Corequisites: BIOL 208.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 209 Human Anatomy and Physiology3 Credits

Study of the form and function of several major systems of the human body. For students with an interest in pre-med, nursing, human health, and biology. A background in general biology is recommended. Three lectures and two one and one-half hour laboratories per week.

Corequisites: BIOL 209L.

BIOL 209L Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 209.

Corequisites: BIOL 209.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 210 Human Anatomy and Physiology II3 Credits

Continuation of Human Anatomy and Physiology, which covers additional body systems and disease processes. For students with an interest in pre-med, nursing, human health, and biology. Three one-hour lectures and two one and one-half hour laboratories per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 209 and BIOL 209L.

Corequisites: BIOL 210L.

BIOL 210L Human Anatomy and Physiology II Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 210.

Prerequisites: BIOL 209 and 209L.

Corequisites: BIOL 210.

BIOL 211 Ecosystem Biology4 Credits

Ecological studies utilizing the concepts of population biology: energetics, dynamics, distribution, and sociology. Overnight and/or weekend field trips may be required. Four lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week.

Corequisites: BIOL 211L.

BIOL 211L Ecosystem Biology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 211.

Corequisites: BIOL 211.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 217 Forensic Entomology2 Credits

Basic procedure and considerations in using insect evidence in crime scene investigations and the determination of post mortem interval using insects. Two-hour lecture and one two-hour lab per week.

Corequisites: BIOL 217L.

BIOL 217L Forensic Entomology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 217.

Corequisites: BIOL 217.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 241 Pathophysiology4 Credits

Function of the human body with emphasis on interpretation of those functions in relation to disease processes.

Prerequisites: BIOL 209/BIOL 209L or BIOL 341/BIOL 341L.

BIOL 250 Introduction to Microbiology-GTSC13 Credits

Major types of microorganisms with an emphasis on bacteria. Microbial taxonomy, structure, metabolism, genetics, and aspects of infectious disease and the immune host response. Three lecture hours and two two-hour laboratories per week.

Corequisites: BIOL 250L.

Essential Learning Categories: Natural Science with lab - Both the lab and lecture must be completed
Colorado Guaranteed Transfer (GT) Pathways General Education Curriculum

BIOL 250L Introduction to Microbiology Laboratory-GTSC11 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 250.

Corequisites: BIOL 250.

Essential Learning Categories: Natural Science with lab - Both the lab and lecture must be completed
Colorado Guaranteed Transfer (GT) Pathways General Education Curriculum

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 296 Topics1-3 Credits

Course may be taken multiple times up to maximum of 15 credit hours.

BIOL 301 Principles of Genetics3 Credits

Principles of genetics at the organismal, cellular, and molecular level dealing with the genetics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms and viruses. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L and MATH 113.

Corequisites: BIOL 301L.

BIOL 301L Principles of Genetics Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 301.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L and MATH 113; BIOL 302 recommended.

Corequisites: BIOL 301L.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 302 Cellular Biology3 Credits

Form, function, and bioenergetics of the cell.

Prerequisites: BIOL 301/BIOL 301L and CHEM 132/CHEM 132L.

BIOL 310 Developmental Biology3 Credits

Embryonic growth and development of plants and animals. Also errors in normal development, cancer, aging, and related topics. Three lectures and two two-hour laboratories per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 301/BIOL 301L or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 310L.

BIOL 310L Developmental Biology Laboratory2 Credits

Lab component required for BIOL 310.

Prerequisites: BIOL 301/BIOL 301L or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 310.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 315 Epidemiology3 Credits

Characteristic patterns of communicable disease occurrence as related to individuals, geographic location, and time; factors affecting disease occurrence, the nature of vital statistics, sampling procedures, and study design. An independent project is required.

BIOL 316 Animal Behavior3 Credits

Mechanisms and evolution of animal behavior. Three lectures and one two-hour laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/BIOL 106L or BIOL 209/BIOL 209L.

Corequisites: BIOL 316L.

BIOL 316L Animal Behavior Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 316.

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/BIOL 106L or BIOL 209/BIOL 209L.

Corequisites: BIOL 316.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 320 Plant Systematics3 Credits

Systematic botany encompassing principles of classification, nomenclature, and evaluation of current classifications of angiosperms.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L, BIOL 107/BIOL 107L or BIOL 108/BIOL 108L, and BIOL 208/BIOL 208L.

BIOL 321 Taxonomy of Grasses2 Credits

A study of the grass family and grass-like plants (sedges and rushes) dealing with the evolution, classification, and identification of these plants. Two lectures and two two-hour laboratories per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 107/BIOL 107L or BIOL 108/BIOL 108L, or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 321L.

BIOL 321L Taxonomy of Grasses Laboratory2 Credits

Lab component required for BIOL 321.

Prerequisites: BIOL 107/BIOL 107L or BIOL 108/BIOL 108L, or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 321.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 322 Plant Identification2 Credits

Identification of the local flora. Basic plant anatomy and morphology. Includes evolutionary relationships of major plant groups as well as environmental, ecological, and historical constraints on plant distribution.

Prerequisites: BIOL 107/BIOL 107L or BIOL 108/BIOL 108L.

Corequisites: BIOL 322L.

BIOL 322L Plant Identification Laboratory2 Credits

Lab component required for BIOL 322.

Prerequisites: BIOL 107/BIOL 107L or BIOL 108/BIOL 108L.

Corequisites: BIOL 322.

BIOL 331 Insect Biology3 Credits

Insect taxonomy, evolution, ecology, and physiology. Insect collection required. Three lectures and two two-hour laboratories per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/BIOL 106L or BIOL 108/BIOL 108L.

Corequisites: BIOL 331L.

BIOL 331L Insect Biology Laboratory2 Credits

Lab component required for BIOL 331.

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/BIOL 106L or BIOL 108/BIOL 108L.

Corequisites: BIOL 331.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 333 Marine Biology3 Credits

Study of the principles that govern biological systems in the ocean with an emphasis on the natural history, ecology, and evolution of marine organisms. Three one-hour lectures per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/BIOL 106L and BIOL 107/BIOL 107L, or BIOL 108/BIOL 108L, or permission of instructor.

BIOL 335 Invertebrate Zoology3 Credits

Study of the evolution, morphology, life history, ecology and classification of invertebrates with a focus on non-insect invertebrates. Three one-hour lectures and one two-hour lab per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/BIOL 106L, or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 335L.

BIOL 335L Invertebrate Zoology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 335.

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/BIOL 106L, or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 335.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 336 Fish Biology3 Credits

Study of the anatomy and physiology of fish. Topics include ecology, fish diseases, and marine and freshwater fishery techniques. Field trips may be offered.

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/BIOL 106L or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 336L.

BIOL 336L Fish Biology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 336.

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/BIOL 106L or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 336.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 341 General Physiology3 Credits

Diversity of form and function across all vertebrates, including humans. Emphasizes fundamental physiological processes, integration among systems, and addresses physiological mechanisms adapted to environmental challenges. Three lectures and one two-hour laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L or BIOL 209/BIOL 209L and junior or senior standing.

Corequisites: BIOL 341.

BIOL 341L General Physiology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 341.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L or BIOL 209/BIOL 209L and junior or senior standing.

Corequisites: BIOL 341.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 343 Immunology3 Credits

Immune system of animals with emphasis on human immune response. Includes the immune organs and both cellular and humoral responses. An independent research project is required.

Prerequisites: BIOL 302, or BIOL 301 and BIOL 301L.

BIOL 344 Forensic Molecular Biology3 Credits

Molecular biology and genetics used in forensic investigations, including the genetic basis of diversity and DNA typing techniques.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L and CHEM 131/CHEM 131L.

Corequisites: BIOL 344L.

BIOL 344L Forensic Molecular Biology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 344.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L and CHEM 131/CHEM 131L.

Corequisites: BIOL 344.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 350 Microbiology3 Credits

Growth, morphology, metabolism, genetics and ecology of microorganisms. Includes aspects of industrial microbiology, clinical microbiology, and genetic engineering. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L, and CHEM 121/CHEM 121L or CHEM 131/CHEM 131L.

Corequisites: BIOL 350L.

BIOL 350L Microbiology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 350.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L, and CHEM 121/CHEM 121L or CHEM 131/CHEM 131L.

Corequisites: BIOL 350.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 371L Laboratory Investigations in Cellular and Molecular Biology3 Credits

Laboratory exercises and experiments that highlight important topics in cellular and molecular biology. The mechanics of laboratory science are introduced with an emphasis on modern techniques, hypothesis development, data analysis and scientific communication. Two three-hour laboratories per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 301/BIOL 301L and CHEM 132/CHEM 132L or permission of instructor.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 385 Nature and Philosophy of Science3 Credits

Central concepts on the nature of scientific knowledge including philosophical tenets that distinguish science from technology as well as distinguish science from pseudoscience. May not be used in the Additional Biology Courses categories for the Biology Concentration.

BIOL 387 Structured Research1-3 Credits

Independent research beyond the scope of the published curriculum. Designed for advanced sophomore and junior level students to participate in research activities under the direction of a specific faculty member. May be repeated for up to 6 credit hours.

Prerequisites: Sophomore or junior standing, or permission of instructor.

Course may be taken multiple times up to maximum of 6 credit hours.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 395 Independent Study1-3 Credits

Course may be taken multiple times up to maximum of 6 credit hours.

BIOL 396 Topics1-3 Credits

Course may be taken multiple times up to maximum of 15 credit hours.

BIOL 403 Evolution3 Credits

Organismal and molecular evolution emphasizing its importance as the unifying theory in biology. Evolution of natural selection on genetic structure of populations.

Prerequisites: BIOL 301/BIOL 301L, with BIOL 208/BIOL 208L strongly recommended.

BIOL 405 Advanced Ecological Methods3 Credits

Examination of quantitative methods in population, community, and ecosystems ecology. Extensive writing, computer work and field trips are required. Three lectures and two two-hour laboratories per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L; and BIOL 106/BIOL 106L and BIOL 107/BIOL 107L, or BIOL 108/BIOL 108L; STAT 311 is recommended.

Corequisites: BIOL 405L.

BIOL 405L Advanced Ecological Methods Laboratory2 Credits

Lab component required for BIOL 405.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L; and BIOL 106/BIOL 106L and BIOL 107/BIOL 107L, or BIOL 108/BIOL 108L; STAT 311 is recommended.

Corequisites: BIOL 405.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 406 Plant-Animal Interactions3 Credits

Ecological, evolutionary, and applied approaches to the studies of herbivory, ant-plant interactions, pollination, and seed dispersal.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L; BIOL 106/BIOL 106L, BIOL 107/BIOL 107L, or BIOL 108/BIOL 108L; and BIOL 208/BIOL 208L; BIOL 331/BIOL 331L is recommended.

BIOL 407 Tropical Field Biology3-5 Credits

Field research techniques, ecology and natural history in lowland and montane tropical rainforests of Ecuador. Ten nine-hour labs and fifteen two-hour lectures conducted at biological field stations in Ecuador.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L; and BIOL 106/BIOL 106L and BIOL 107/BIOL 107L, or BIOL 108/BIOL 108L; and BIOL 208/BIOL 208L; BIOL 331/BIOL 331L is recommended.

BIOL 408 Desert Ecology3 Credits

Overview of desert ecology in the surrounding area and in the United States. Covers ecology of U.S. deserts including specific plant, animal, and human adaptations. Discussion on world deserts. Field trips may be offered.

Prerequisites: BIOL 208, BIOL 208L, and upper division standing or permission of instructor.

BIOL 409 Gross and Developmental Human Anatomy2 Credits

Gross anatomy, embryology, radiological and cross-sectional anatomy of the human body via lectures, demonstrations, and dissections of the human cadaver. Emphasis on thorax, abdomen, and extremities. Two lectures and two 2-hour laboratories per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 209/BIOL 209L, or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 409L.

BIOL 409L Gross and Developmental Human Anatomy Laboratory2 Credits

Lab component required for BIOL 409.

Prerequisites: BIOL 209/BIOL 209L, or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 409.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 410 Human Osteology3 Credits

Study of the human skeleton, including osteology and bone detail, biological variation, animal skeletal comparisons, pathology, forensics, and proper handling of human skeletal material. Laboratory emphasizes analysis and identification of human skeletal material. Three lectures and one two-hour laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 209 and BIOL 209L.

Corequisites: BIOL 410L.

BIOL 410L Human Osteology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 410.

Prerequisites: BIOL 209 and BIOL 209L.

Corequisites: BIOL 410.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 411 Mammalogy3 Credits

Classification, life histories, and ecology of mammals. Overnight and/or weekend field trips may be required. Two lectures and one two-hour laboratory or three-hour field trip per week.

Prerequisites: Upper division standing or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 411L.

BIOL 411L Mammalogy Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 411.

Prerequisites: Upper division standing or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 411.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 412 Ornithology3 Credits

Classification and life history of birds, including field identification. Overnight and/or weekend field trips may be required. Three lectures and one two-hour laboratory or three-hour field trip per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 208, BIOL 208L, and upper division standing or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 412L.

BIOL 412L Ornithology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 412.

Prerequisites: BIOL 208, BIOL 208L, and upper division standing or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 412.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 413 Herpetology3 Credits

Classification, evolution, morphology and ecology of amphibians and reptiles. Overnight or weekend field trips may be required. Three lectures and one two-hour laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 208, BIOL 208L, and upper division standing or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 413L.

BIOL 413L Herpetology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 413.

Prerequisites: BIOL 208, BIOL 208L, and upper division standing or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 413.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 414 Freshwater Ecology3 Credits

Classification, life history, and ecology of aquatic animals. Overnight and/or weekend field trips may be required. Three lectures and one two-hour laboratory or three-hour field trip per week.

Prerequisites: Upper division standing or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 414L.

BIOL 414L Freshwater Ecology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 414.

Prerequisites: Upper division standing or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 414.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 415 Tropical Ecosystems2 Credits

Ecology of rainforests, grasslands, and desert ecosystems of the world.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L, and BIOL 106/BIOL 106L or BIOL 107/BIOL 107L, or BIOL 108/BIOL 108L, and BIOL 208/BIOL 208L, or permission of instructor.

BIOL 418 Wildlife Management3 Credits

Examination of wildlife biology and management. Topics covered include managing habitat, mammals, birds, fish, and other small animals. Three one-hour lectures per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L and BIOL 106/BIOL 106L or BIOL 107/BIOL 107L, and BIOL 208/BIOL 208L or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 418L.

BIOL 418L Wildlife Field Techniques2 Credits

Lab component required for BIOL 418.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105/BIOL 105L and BIOL 106/BIOL 106L or BIOL 107/BIOL 107L, and BIOL 208/BIOL 208L or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 418

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 421 Plant Physiology3 Credits

Plant-water relationships, plant mineral nutrition, photosynthesis, plant growth and development at the molecular and cellular level to account for plant growth at the organismal level. Three lectures and one two-hour laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 107/BIOL 107L, CHEM 121/CHEM 121L or CHEM 131/CHEM 131L, or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 421L.

BIOL 421L Plant Physiology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 421.

Prerequisites: BIOL 107/BIOL 107L, CHEM 121/CHEM 121L or CHEM 131/CHEM 131L, or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 421.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 423 Plant Anatomy3 Credits

Form, variability, and structure of the tissues comprising the body of the higher plant. Three lectures and two two-hour laboratories per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 107 and BIOL 107L or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 423L.

BIOL 423L Plant Anatomy Laboratory2 Credits

Lab component required for BIOL 432.

Prerequisites: BIOL 107 and BIOL 107L or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 423.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 425 Molecular Genetics3 Credits

Nature and expression of genetic information at the molecular level in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms.

Prerequisites: BIOL 301 and BIOL 301L.

BIOL 431 Animal Parasitology3 Credits

Common and important parasites of domestic animals and man. Ecology, epidemiology, diagnosis, and control are discussed with examples from the Protozoa, Trematoda, Cestoda, Nematoda, and Arthropoda. An independent research project is required. Three lectures and one two-hour laboratory per week.

Corequisites: BIOL 431L.

BIOL 431L Animal Parasitology Laboratory1 Credit

Lab component required for BIOL 431.

Corequisites: BIOL 431.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 433 Marine Invertebrate Communities3 Credits

Techniques of collection and laboratory examination of marine invertebrates from intertidal and subtidal habitats. Seven eight-hour labs and seven two-hour lectures will be conducted at a marine biological research station.

Prerequisites: BIOL 106, BIOL 106L, or permission of instructor.

BIOL 441 Endocrinology3 Credits

Anatomy and physiology of the endocrine system of vertebrates.

Prerequisites: BIOL 105, BIOL 105L, CHEM 132, CHEM 132L, and junior or senior standing.

BIOL 442 Pharmacology3 Credits

Principles underlying absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs with emphasis on mechanisms of action and physiological responses.

Prerequisites: BIOL 209 and BIOL 209L, one year of chemistry, and junior or senior standing.

BIOL 450 Mycology3 Credits

Fungi, with emphasis on comparative morphology and development, classification, physiology, genetics, and ecological relationships. Importance of fungi in industry, agriculture, and medicine. Three lectures and two two-hour laboratories per week.

Prerequisites: BIOL 107/BIOL 107L or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 450L.

BIOL 450L Mycology Laboratory2 Credits

Lab component required for BIOL 450.

Prerequisites: BIOL 107/BIOL 107L or permission of instructor.

Corequisites: BIOL 450.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 482 Senior Research2 Credits

Designed to introduce students to appropriate procedures for conducting literature reviews, designing experiments, collecting and analyzing data, and preparing written and oral presentations of such experiments. Two lectures per week or equivalent.

Prerequisites: Senior standing, 2.80 GPA, and permission of instructor.

BIOL 483 Senior Thesis2 Credits

Students prepare an in-depth thesis elaborating on a major conceptual issue(s) in biology. The purpose of the thesis is to ascertain the student's ability to collect a broad array of information and integrate this into a logical conceptual framework that traverses organizational levels of living systems. The thesis topic must be approved by the instructor.

Prerequisites: Senior standing and permission of instructor.

BIOL 487 Advanced Research1-3 Credits

Provides students with an individualized research experience on a topic approved and directed by a specific faculty member. A detailed report in the form of a scientific journal article must be provided to the instructor. May be repeated for up to 6 credit hours.

Prerequisites: BIOL 482 or permission of instructor; BIOL 387 is highly recommended.

Course may be taken multiple times up to maximum of 6 credit hours.

Fees: Yes.

BIOL 493 Lab Teaching Practicum1 Credit

Assist in laboratory teaching to support instruction and enhance student learning. May be repeated for up to 3 hours.

Prerequisites: Junior or senior standing or permission of instructor. Must have taken the course to be supported or have sufficient experience in other related courses.

Course may be taken multiple times up to maximum of 3 credit hours.

BIOL 494 Seminar1 Credit

Current problems, topics, and research procedures in biological sciences and medicine. Topics announced each semester.

Prerequisites: Sophomore standing and permission of instructor.

Course may be taken 5 times for credit.

BIOL 495 Independent Study1-3 Credits

Course may be taken multiple times up to maximum of 6 credit hours.

BIOL 496 Topics1-3 Credits

Course may be taken multiple times up to maximum of 15 credit hours.

BIOL 499 Internship1-10 Credits

Work experience obtained on a job where assignments are primarily biological projects. The amount of credit awarded is determined by the school based on the nature of the assignment.

Prerequisites: Biology major, senior standing with either a 2.80 GPA in major courses, completion of BIOL 482, or consent of instructor.

Course may be taken multiple times up to maximum of 15 credit hours.

BIOL 500 Advanced Human Anatomy3 Credits

Introduction to advanced concepts in gross anatomy, anatomical relationships, and spatial orientation of normal anatomic structures and common anatomic variations. Examines the forms and function of the human body and the relationship of surface and internal structures from different bodily systems.

Prerequisites: Graduate student status.

Corequisites: BIOL 500L.

Terms Typically Offered: Spring.

BIOL 500L Advanced Human Anatomy Laboratory1 Credit

Laboratory experience accompanying BIOL 500.

Prerequisites: Graduate student status.

Corequisites: BIOL 500.

Terms Typically Offered: Spring.

BIOL 507 Tropical Field Biology5 Credits

Field research techniques, ecology and natural history in lowland and montane tropical rainforests of Ecuador. Ten nine-hour labs and fifteen two-hour lectures conducted at biological field stations in Ecuador.

Prerequisites: Undergraduate degree in biology or undergraduate degree in another field with primary or secondary teaching experience in science, and permission of instructor.

BIOL 533 Marine Invertebrate Communities3 Credits

Techniques of collection and laboratory examination of marine invertebrates from intertidal and subtidal habitats. Design and execution of a research project and a written paper are required. Seven eight-hour labs and seven two-hour lectures will be conducted at a marine biological research station.

Prerequisites: Undergraduate degree in biology or a related field and permission of instructor.

BIOL 596 Topics:1-5 Credits

Course may be taken multiple times up to maximum of 15 credit hours.